December 7, 2012

Advent Philosophy: Hipster Philosophy: Daniel Dennett

For the next couple of days, I’m going to talk about a couple of philosophers who have done some fantastic work, but aren’t very well known outside of Philosophy. Forget Kant, Descartes, Plato and Nietzsche. You can pick up a Very Short Introduction to learn...

December 6, 2012

Advent Philosophy: What’s so special about being human? Part 2

A couple of people, unsurprisingly, have taken issue with The Chinese Room. (Hooray! We are succeeding at Philosophy!) The question that we finished off with was – what’s the difference? If a computer can become so complex as to convince us that it really understands rather than...

December 5, 2012

Advent Philosophy: What’s so special about being human? Part 1

Philosophers are very fond of comparing computers to brains. It’s debatable whether this is actually valid*, but it does lead to a lot of debate about what makes humanity human, whether artificial intelligences can ever achieve true consciousness in the same way humans can, and what...

December 4, 2012

Advent Philosophy: Gettier Counter-Examples

Yesterday, I covered what most epistemologists think “knowledge” is: Justified, True Belief. (Or just JTB for short.) Today, I’m going to tell you about Gettier, who is a massive troll, and incredibly lazy, successful philosopher. Everything I want to be when I grow up. For those...

December 3, 2012

Advent Philosophy: Knowledge for Beginners

Hi folks. I’m going to be attempting to write an Advent Philosophy series, and I’ll be starting with a bit of “Epistemology” – that is, the study of knowledge. I thought that getting a basic idea of what “Knowledge” is would be a good starting...